Renal transplantation





Introduction

Renal transplantation involves the receipt of a kidney from either a live or deceased donor. The average wait for a kidney in the UK is 3 years, though patients may also receive kidneys donated by cross-matched friends or family. The donor kidney is transplanted into the groin, with the renal vessels connected to the external iliac vessels. The failing kidneys are not removed. Following transplantation, the patient must take life-long immunosuppressants to prevent rejection of the new kidney. The average lifespan of a donor kidney is 10-12 years from deceased donors and 12-15 years from living donors.