- Urinary tract infection (lower) in adults
- Membranous glomerulonephritis
- Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis
- Infective endocarditis
- Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
Specific differential diagnosis
Refer people using a suspected cancer pathway referral (for an appointment within 2 weeks) for bladder cancer if they are:
- aged 45 and over and have:
- unexplained visible haematuria without urinary tract infection or
- visible haematuria that persists or recurs after successful treatment of urinary tract infection, or
- aged 60 and over and have unexplained non‑visible haematuria and either dysuria or a raised white cell count on a blood test.
Consider non-urgent referral for bladder cancer in people aged 60 and over with recurrent or persistent unexplained urinary tract infection.