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Please enter at least one feature (symptom, sign or investigation result) before performing the calculation.
For example, if chest pain and low oxygen saturations were present, but haemoptysis was absent, the features section should look as follows:
To add a feature that is present, start typing and then click the green arrow.
To add the absence of a feature (i.e. a 'negative' finding), start typing then click the red cross.
If you want to remove a feature from the list simply click the grey cross in the box to the right of the feature.
Lithium is mood stabilising drug used most commonly prophylactically in bipolar disorder but also as an adjunct in refractory depression. It has a very narrow therapeutic range (0.4-1.0 mmol/L) and a long plasma half-life being excreted primarily by the kidneys.
Mechanism of action
Not fully understood, two theories:
interferes with inositol triphosphate formation
interferes with cAMP formation
nephrotoxicity: polyuria, secondary to nephrogenic diabetes insipidus