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For example, if chest pain and low oxygen saturations were present, but haemoptysis was absent, the features section should look as follows:
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Hip dislocation is an extremely painful condition that is mostly caused by direct trauma, particularly road traffic accidents and significant falls from height. Given the large forces required to cause most traumatic hip dislocation, it may be associated with other fractures and life-threatening injuries. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate management of hip dislocation are important to reduce morbidity.
Types of hip dislocation
Posterior dislocation: Accounts for 90% of hip dislocations. The affected leg is shortened, adducted, and internally rotated.
Anterior dislocation: The affected leg is usually abducted and externally rotated. No leg shortening.
Diagnosis is usually confirmed on pelvic X-ray.
Management of hip dislocation
A reduction under general anaesthetic within 4 hours to reduce the risk of avascular necrosis.
Long-term management: Physiotherapy to strengthen the surrounding muscles.
Sciatic or femoral nerve injury
Osteoarthritis: more common in older patients.
Recurrent dislocation: due to damage of supporting ligaments
It takes about 2 to 3 months for the hip to heal after a traumatic dislocation
The prognosis is best when the hip is reduced less than 12 hours post-injury and when there is less damage to the joint.