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Please enter at least one feature (symptom, sign or investigation result) before performing the calculation.
For example, if chest pain and low oxygen saturations were present, but haemoptysis was absent, the features section should look as follows:
To add a feature that is present, start typing and then click the green arrow.
To add the absence of a feature (i.e. a 'negative' finding), start typing then click the red cross.
If you want to remove a feature from the list simply click the grey cross in the box to the right of the feature.
Gastro-oesophageal reflux is the commonest cause of vomiting in infancy. Around 40% of infants regurgitate their feeds to a certain extent so there is a degree of overlap with normal physiological processes.
Management (partly based on the 2015 NICE guidelines)
advise regarding position during feeds - 30 degree head-up
infants should sleep on their backs as per standard guidance to reduce the risk of cot death
ensure infant is not being overfed (as per their weight) and consider a trial of smaller and more frequent feeds
a trial of thickened formula (for example, containing rice starch, cornstarch, locust bean gum or carob bean gum)
a trial of alginate therapy e.g. Gaviscon. Alginates should not be used at the same time as thickening agents
NICE do not recommend a proton pump inhibitor (PPI) or H2 receptor antagonists (H2RA), to treat overt regurgitation in infants and children occurring as an isolated symptom. A trial of one of these agents should be considered if 1 or more of the following apply:
unexplained feeding difficulties (for example, refusing feeds, gagging or choking)
prokinetic agents e.g. metoclopramide should only be used with specialist advice