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Please enter at least one feature (symptom, sign or investigation result) before performing the calculation.
For example, if chest pain and low oxygen saturations were present, but haemoptysis was absent, the features section should look as follows:
To add a feature that is present, start typing and then click the green arrow.
To add the absence of a feature (i.e. a 'negative' finding), start typing then click the red cross.
If you want to remove a feature from the list simply click the grey cross in the box to the right of the feature.
Carbon monoxide has high affinity for haemoglobin and myoglobin resulting in a left-shift of the oxygen dissociation curve and tissue hypoxia. There are approximately 50 per year deaths from accidental carbon monoxide poisoning in the UK
an ECG is a useful supplementary investgation to look for cardiac ischaemia
patients with suspected carbon monoxide poisoning should be assessed in the emergency department
100% high-flow oxygen via a non-rebreather mask
from a physiological perspective, this decreases the half-life of carboxyhemoglobin (COHb)
should be administered as soon as possible, with treatment continuing for a minimum of six hours
target oxygen saturations are 100%
treatment is generally continued until all symptoms have resolved, rather than monitoring CO levels
due to the small number of cases the evidence base is limited, but there is some evidence that long-term outcomes may be better than standard oxygen therapy for more severe cases
therefore, discussion with a specialist should be considered for more severe cases (e.g. levels > 25%)
in 2008, the Department of Health publication 'Recognising Carbon Monoxide Poisoning' also listed loss of consciousness at any point, neurological signs other than headache, myocardial ischaemia or arrhythmia and pregnancy as indications for hyperbaric oxygen