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Please enter at least one feature (symptom, sign or investigation result) before performing the calculation.
For example, if chest pain and low oxygen saturations were present, but haemoptysis was absent, the features section should look as follows:
To add a feature that is present, start typing and then click the green arrow.
To add the absence of a feature (i.e. a 'negative' finding), start typing then click the red cross.
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Blepharitis is inflammation of the eyelid margins. It may due to either meibomian gland dysfunction (common, posterior blepharitis) or seborrhoeic dermatitis/staphylococcal infection (less common, anterior blepharitis). Blepharitis is also more common in patients with rosacea
Incidence: 1000.00 cases per 100,000 person-years
Peak incidence: 50-60 years
Sex ratio: 1:1
The meibomian glands secrete oil on to the eye surface to prevent rapid evaporation of the tear film. Any problem affecting the meibomian glands (as in blepharitis) can hence cause drying of the eyes which in turns leads to irritation.
symptoms are usually bilateral
grittiness and discomfort, particularly around the eyelid margins
eyes may be sticky in the morning
eyelid margins may be red. Swollen eyelids may be seen in staphylococcal blepharitis
styes and chalazions are more common in patients with blepharitis
secondary conjunctivitis may occur
softening of the lid margin using hot compresses twice a day
'lid hygiene' - mechanical removal of the debris from lid margins
cotton wool buds dipped in a mixture of cooled boiled water and baby shampoo is often used
an alternative is sodium bicarbonate, a teaspoonful in a cup of cooled water that has recently been boiled
artificial tears may be given for symptom relief in people with dry eyes or an abnormal tear film